I. Introduction & Methodology

I. Introduction & Methodology
When dealing with the Islamic perspective of any topic, there should be a clear
distinction between the normative teachings of Islam and the diverse cultural practices
among Muslims, which may or may not be consistent with them. The focus of this paper
is the normative teachings of Islam as the criteria to judge Muslim practices and
evaluate their compliance with Islam. In identifying what is "Islamic," it is necessary to
make a distinction between the primary sources of Islam (the Qur'an and the Sunnah)
and legal opinions of scholars on specific issues, which may vary and be influenced by
their times, circumstances, and cultures. Such opinions and verdicts do not enjoy the
infallibility accorded to the primary and revelatory sources. Furthermore,
interpretation of the primary sources should consider, among other things:
(a) The context of any text in the Qur'an and the Sunnah. This includes the general
context of Islam, its teachings, its world view, and the context of the surah and section
(b) The occasion of the revelation, which may shed light on its meanings,
(c) The role of the Sunnah in explaining and defining the meaning of the Qur'anic text.
This paper is a brief review of the position and role of woman in society from an
Islamic perspective. The topic is divided into spiritual, economic, social, and political

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